A New Chinese Course (Book 1) (PDF Ebook)

Publisher: Distributed By China International Book Trading Corporation

ISBN: 7801030400/H•7

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A New Chinese Course (Book 1)

新编汉语教程(上)

作者: 黄政澄

author: Huang Zhengcheng

出版社:商务印书馆国际有限公司

publishing house: Distributed by China International Book Trading Corporation

版次:1996年8月第1版

number of editions: first edition in August 1996

印次:2002年11月第4次印刷

number of print: fourth print in November 2002

页数:521页

number of pages: 521 pages

字数:350千字

wordage (thousand words): 350 thousand words

开本:787×1092毫米 16开

format: 787×1092mm 16 format

ISBN:7801030400/H·7

INTRODUCTION

A new Chinese course has been prepared for use by students as an elementary Chinese course book. It consists of two volumes (Book 1 & Book 2), with 3,000 basic words, over 300 grammar items and 1,500 basic Chinese characters. Each volume is designed for 125-200 class-hours in an academic year. This course aims at enabling learners to communicate in Chinese for daily purposes and social function, meeting their need for further studies of the language and hopefully helping them to arrive at the second grade of Chinese standard Level or to acquire the C Level Certificate of HSK Elementary Chinese. Two companion exercise books have also been prepared for learners.

Book I of A New Chinese Course has been arranged as follows:

Lesson 1 to lesson 10 deal with Chinese phonetics and characters. Generally, the teaching of individual sounds can be very dull and tedious and students may not find much interest in them. To learn Chinese phonetics through sentences at the very beginning can also, if improperly done, result in the incomplete mastery of the sounds and tones. In order to avoid these tendencies, priority has been given to the teaching of phonemes, syllables and tones at this elementary stage while short and simple commonly used phrases and sentences are provided.

Writing characters is another hard nut for foreign students to crack. In this book, the writing of Chinese characters is taught in strokes and stroke order, according to the rules of structures of the Chinese characters. In the first ten lessons, 50 mono-formative characters are given (thus, “一”, “二”, “三”, “四”, “五”, “六”, “七”, “八”, “九”, and “十” will not appear as new words in later texts). Undoubtedly, learners will find it useful to learn them.

From lesson 11 to lesson 50, all the texts are written in the form of dialogues set in foreign countries. They have fixed characters and center on five topics: individuals→families→institutes→friends→society, recurring eight times throughout the book, joining up structure, topics, function and culture. All the texts are prepared on practical language, close to the life of overseas learners, always enabling them to find something to talk about and discuss after each lesson. The place names written as “××” are supposed to be substituted with the local names known to the users.

Texts from lesson 11 to lesson 30 are provided with Chinese phonetics. Between 31 and 50 the texts are merely provided with tone marks. The light tone is shown with “。”, but new words are indicated with their original tone marks.

New words: the number of new words in each lesson increases from 20 to 40 as the lessons move on. Over 1,300 words are included in Book 1, 80% of which are regarded as A Level words according to An Outline of Chinese Standard Level. A glossary is appended to the book.

Function: social communication is the very fundamental function of a language. This course gives priority to the training of students’ communicative skills. Each lesson has 4-8 function items, and there are altogether 132 function items and 249 function points throughout the book. They have been specially designed on the basis of the texts, the realistic demand of the learners as well as the accomplishments in function research theories at home and abroad. There is a summary and classification of function items attached to the end of the book.

Notes: They mainly deal with two things. One is the grammar, the other is difficult sentences, expressions and necessary background information concerning culture. The grammar items covered in this book are mostly concluded in An Outline of Chinese Standard Level as A Level items. They are arranged in accordance with their degree of difficulty and are intended only to provide short and simple explanations, not all round or systematic ones. Notes in each text are all enumerated by Arabic numerals. Important sentence patterns are generally shown with diagrams. There also four brief summaries of grammar in the book to help students grasp those grammar points they have dealt with. A grammar index is included in the book.

Exercise: Exercise books have been separately prepared for learners of this book. They contain two parts. One includes various types of exercises designed to consolidate the grammar, function items and texts covered. The other is character writing. A certain amount of space has been allotted to drills, manipulation exercises and conversation practice. Multiple choices are adopted for the purpose of familiarizing students with HSK tests as their Chinese improves. A key to some of the exercises is appended to the exercise book.

In order to satisfy the need of some students, simplified Chinese characters are all accompanied by their original complex forms when they appear for the first time in the exercise book.

前言

《新编汉语教程》是一套专为海外学生编写的供基础阶段教学使用的汉语教材。本教程分上、下两册,另有两册学生练习本与之配套。每册供一学年(125-200课时)使用。全套教材包括3000个常用词,300多个语法点,1500个常用汉字。教学目标为汉语水平等级标准二级,即可满足基本的日常生活、社交和一定范围内学习的需要,具有HSK初等“汉语水平证书”C级的能力。

《新编汉语教程》上册各部分说明如下:

1-10课为语音和汉字入门阶段。单纯的音素教学枯燥乏味,难于引起学生的兴趣。但是,教学伊始就让学生在语句中学语音,处理不好,语音就要“夹生”。为避免上述两种倾向,在入门阶段,我们既突出了音素、音节、声调教学,又让学生学到了一些可用于日常交际的简短词句。汉字是外国学生学习汉语的难点。我们采取从笔画、笔顺入手,按汉字结构规律进行编排,前10课共出现独体字50多个(一、二、三、四、五、六、七、八、九、十往后不再列为生词),掌握这些,对学生以后学习汉字将大有裨益。

从11-50课,由固定人物贯串始终,以个人→家庭→学校→朋友→社会五个话题作明线进行八次循环,把“结构-功能-文化”结合起来,突出学生交际能力的培养和训练。课文全部采用对话体编写,全部场景均在海外。课文内容贴近海外学生实际生活,语言真实,学生每一课都“有话可说”。

课文中涉及到的一些海外具体地名,均以“XX”代替,使用者可根据各地情况自行补充。

从11课至30课,课文对话有汉语拼音对照,从31课至50课只在汉字上头标调号,轻声用“。”,生词标原调,课文标实际读音。

生词:每课从20来个逐步增至40个。上册共出现生词1300多个,80%属于汉语水平等级大纲甲级词。书后附有词汇总表。

功能:社会交际是语言的最本质功能。为更好地培养学生的交际能力,本书突出交际功能的训练。根据初学者的交际需要和课文提供的内容,参考国内外功能研究的成果,从实际出发,全书共出功能项目132个,功能点249个。每课均有4-8个功能项目作为交际训练的重点。功能项目及其分类附在书后。

注释:主要包括两部分,一为语法,一为难理解的词句和必要的文化背景知识。本书出现的语法绝大部分为汉语水平等级大纲中的甲级语法项目。安排上先易后难解释简明扼要,不求全面系统,重要句式尽量配以图示。课文中凡需要注释的地方均用阿拉伯数码顺序标示。全书安排四次语法小结,帮助学生归纳掌握学过的主要语法点。书后附有语法索引。

练习:本教材练习单独成册,内容包括为巩固本课和前面学过的语法点、功能项目、课文内容所设计的多项练习和汉字书写两部分。机械性练习、控制性练习和交际性练习占的比例多一些。为使学生能与HSK接轨,随着学生汉语水平的提高,多项选择题逐步进入练习中。部分练习答案附在后面。

为适应部分海外学生需要,汉字书写练习中,凡第一次出现的简化字均附有相应的繁体字,便于对照。

本书另外配有盒式录音磁带。



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