Chinese Character Breakthrough: Textbook & Exercise (English) (PDF Ebook)

Publisher: Peking University Press

ISBN: 7301092865/H•1514

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Chinese Character Breakthrough: Textbook & Exercise (English)

汉字突破:课文、练习(英文注释)(全2册)

作者: 周健

author: Zhou Jian

出版社:北京大学出版社

publishing house: PEKING UNIVERSITY PRESS

版次:2005年7月第1版

number of editions: first edition in July 2005

印次:2005年7月第1次印刷

number of print: first print in July 2005

页数:330+277页

number of pages: 330+277 pages

字数:1000千字

wordage (thousand words): 1000 thousand words

开本:787×1092毫米 16开

format: 787×1092mm 16 format

ISBN:7301092865/H·1514

  本书编写的宗旨是向外国学习者系统介绍汉字的内部规律和汉字知识,培养汉字学习能力。它从汉字的笔画、笔顺规则、部件、偏旁、部首的基础知识入手,介绍了象形字、会意字和形声字这三种主要的构字方法,对于占汉字主体的形声字,更是通过大量典型的部首字、同形旁字、同声旁字的学习,来加深学习者对汉字的表音表意结构的认识,培养学生汉字的“字感”和高效率自学汉字的能力。

全书共61课,介绍了1063个字条,涵盖了《汉语水平词汇与汉字等级大纲》中全部800个甲级字,另外还有2000多个词语、800多个句子以及61条汉字知识。学习者可以通过字、词、句的交互学习,达到学汉字、会汉语的目的。除课文外,还有配套的练习册,提供了形式多样、内容丰富、别具特色、生动有趣的汉字练习。

Preface

One of the most striking difficulties for foreigners to learn Chinese is Chinese characters; there are both objective and subjective reasons for it. Chinese, as the only morpheme character, is far different from other characters. All characters are recording languages, but the language unit is different. English is recording phoneme; Japanese Kana is recording syllable, Chinese is recording morpheme. Dozens of letters are required for recording the phoneme or the syllable of a language; however, for recording the Chinese morpheme, thousands of characters are required. Thousands of morphemes may lead to diversity and complexity in terms of structure and strokes, as well as imperfect phonetic system. They are supposed to be main objective reasons to make learning Chinese characters difficult. From subjective perspective, the law of Chinese characters is still not discovered fully, in addition, the pedagogy of Chinese characters is not very applicable. This causes difficulty to learn Chinese characters. In fact, if the learners understand the law of Chinese characters three thousand common Chinese characters are not difficult to learn.

The aim of this book is systematically to introduce the inherent law of Chinese characters and the Chinese character knowledge to foreign learners. We hope it can foster learners’ ability to learn Chinese characters on their own.

We start out introduction from the basic strokes, the rule of stroke order, components and radicals, and focus on the structure of the pictographic characters, associative compound characters and the idea-sound characters. We try to deepen students’ understanding of the phonographic and ideographic structure of Chinese characters, to develop their “Chinese character sense” and the ability of self-study by learning a large number of typical characters of radicals, idea-components and sound-components.

The learners’ competency to learn characters is: 1. identification of an idea-sound character and guess the meaning and the sound of a character; 2. understanding the new characters by connecting the old ones; 3. looking up a dictionary; 4. making correct word phrases and sentences. Besides learning the character structural system, the students must use characters everyday. The system of the “character→word→sentence→text” to learn Chinese characters is recommended.

With English translation, this textbook of Chinese Character Breakthough is compiled for the beginners. There are 61 lessons and 1063 vocabulary entries that cover 800 level A Characters in The Syllabus of Chinese Words and Characters. Over 2000 words, 800 sentences, and 61 items of Chinese characters knowledge are included as well in this book. The learners can achieve the goal of having a good command of Chinese characters and Mandarin. Exercise book provides diversified interesting exercises for practice Chinese characters.

前言

汉字是外国人学习汉语的最大难点之一。造成汉字难学的原因,既有客观方面的,也有主观方面的。在客观方面,汉字是世界上仅存的语素文字,与世界上其他各主要文字有很大的差别。文字都是记录语言的,但不同文字记录的语言单位不一样,比如英文记录的是英语的音素(音位),日文假名语记录的是日语的音节,而汉字记录的是汉语的语素。记录一种语言的音素或音节,用几十个字母就够了;而要记录汉语的语素,没有成千上万个汉字是无法胜任的。几千个基本语素,都要在书写形式上彼此区别,势必出现笔画多样、结构复杂的现象。汉字字数众多,结构纷繁,缺少完备的表音系统,是造成汉字难学的主要客观原因。在主观方面,对汉字系统和内部规律缺乏正确认识,尤其是汉字教学的不得法,人为地加大了汉字学习的困难。实际上,学习者如果很好地掌握了汉字的规律,改变孤立、机械识记汉字的习惯,三千常用汉字并不难于习得。

本书编写的宗旨就是向外国学习者系统介绍汉字的内部规律和汉字知识,培养汉字学习能力。本书从汉字的笔画、笔顺规则、部件、偏旁、部首的基础知识入手,介绍了象形字、会意字和形声字这三种主要的构字方法。对于占汉字主体的形声字,更是通过大量典型的部首字、同形旁字、同声旁字的学习,来加深学习者对汉字的表音表意结构的认识,培养学生汉字的“字感”和高效率自学汉字的能力。

汉字的学习能力主要包括四个方面:1.辨识形声字,推测字义字音的能力;2联系旧字,认知新字的能力;3查字典的能力;4正确组词造句的能力。因此,学习者要想掌握汉字,除了学习汉字的结构系统,还必须每天接触汉字、使用汉字,在汉字的组合系统即字→词→句→篇章的系统中习得汉字。

《汉字突破》面向汉语初学者,中英文对照。全书共61课,介绍了1063个字条,它们涵盖了《汉语水平词汇与汉字等级大纲》中全部800个甲级字,另外还有2000多个词语、800多个句子以及61条汉字知识。学习者可以通过字、词、句的交互学习,达到学汉字、会汉语的目的。除了课文外,还有配套的练习册,提供了形式多样、内容丰富、别具特色、生动有趣的汉字练习。



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