Chinese Course (Book One of Volume Three) (PDF Ebook)

Publisher: Beijing Language and Culture University Press

ISBN: 7561907648/H•9968

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Chinese Course (Book One of Volume Three)

汉语教程第三册(上)(一年级)

作者: 杨寄洲

author: Yang Jizhou

出版社:北京语言文化大学出版社

publishing house : BEIJING LANGUAGE & CULTURE UNIVERSITY PRESS

版次:1999年11月第1版

number of editions: first editions in November 1999

印次:2004年2月第7次印刷

number of print: seventh print in February 2004

页数:264页

number of pages: 264 pages

字数:295千字

wordage (thousand words): 295 thousand words

开本:16开

format: 16 format

ISBN:7561907648/H·9968

前 言

本教程是为初学汉语的外国人新编的一本初级教材,供一学年使用。

全书共三册,第一、二册第一学期用,第三册第二学期用。

1~10课为语音教学阶段。集中进行汉语基础语音讲练

11~60课通过实用的会话,进行语法结构、意义和语用功能的教学。

61~100课为语段教学阶段,通过语法教学的深化和词语运用的讲练,进一步培养学生成段表达的能力。

课时要求:1~60课每课建议课时为2~3学时(每学时为50分钟)。61~100课每课建议课时为5~6学时。

编写这套教材的指导思想是,以语音、语法、词语、汉字等语言要素的教学为基础,通过课堂教学,操练学生听说读写的技能,培养他们用汉语进行社会交际的能力。

本教材的体例是:一、课文;二、生词;三、注释;四、语法;五、语音;六、练习。

一、课文

课文是教材的重要部分。本书的1-60课的课文是实用会话。由于初级阶段汉语教学受语法和词汇的严格限制,会话可以借助语境的“代言”作用,减少不必要的背景交待。这些会话通过特定的情景,把语法的结构、意义和交际功能有机地融合在一起。会话的编写考虑到了教学对象的特点,力避幼稚化,追求实用。61-100课的课文是短文。内容多是表现当代中国社会生活的记叙文。这些课文的编选注意了语言文字的规范、优美、流畅,有故事性,有情节,便于学生理解、记忆和复述。无论是会话还是短文。我们主张学习者不仅要能熟读,而且要能背诵。

二、生词

本书共有生词3300个。这些生词充分考虑到了词汇大纲对词汇等级的规定。每课的生词都有一定的量的控制,第一阶段(1-30课)每课在20个左右;第二阶段(31-60课)每课为30个左右;第三阶段(61-100课)每课生词在40-50个。

三、注释

注释是对一些语言点和文化背景知识的说明。

四、语法

本书语法不追求系统性。讲解力求简单明白,努力做到从结构入手,重视语义和语用功能的说明。我们建议,在进行课堂教学时,一定要通过图片、动作、影像等各种直观表象的手段演示语法,把言语与交际情景紧密结合起来。使学生沉浸在实际交际的语境中,而不是语法术语和概念中。

五、语音

本书用10课的篇幅集中进行语音教学。语音语调的训练贯穿全书。在对外汉语教学的全过程,语音训练的重要性怎么强调都不过分。

六、练习

本教材的练习设计注意遵循理解、模仿、记忆、熟巧、应用这样一个言语习得过程。练习项目包含了理解性练习、模仿性练习、交际性练习等。由于课时的限制,有些练习项目是必做的。



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