Classical Chinese~Present-day Chinese and English (Chinese-English) (PDF Ebook)

Publisher: Sinolingua

ISBN: 7800521494/H•150(汉英)

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Classical Chinese~Present-day Chinese and English (Chinese-English)

古文今译与英译(汉英对照)

作者: 冯树鉴

author: Feng Xhujian

出版社:北京华语教学出版社

publishing house: SINOLINGUA BEIJING

版次:1990 年第一版

number of editions: first edition in 1990

印次:2002年第二次印刷(汉英)

number of print: second print in 2002 (Chinese-English)

页数:242页

number of pages: 242 pages

装订:平装

binding: paperbound

开本:40开

format: 40 format

ISBN:7800521494/H·150(汉英)

The essays included in this book are all concise and meaningful, with loyal and fluent present-day Chinese and English translation. Some difficult words are annotated. It can be used both by students at home to study English, and Chinese language learners abroad to study classical Chinese.

序 言

编写《古今今译与英译》一书,所选文言文,都是文字简短、含意隽永的精品;译写的现代文,忠于原意,通俗流畅;英语译文浅显传神,读起来朗朗上口,富有节奏感和音韵美。对一些词语还加了准确简明的注释。这本读物既适合于国内大、中学生欣赏古文、阅读英文,又能够满足国内外研习汉语者学习汉语文言文的需要。总之,这本读物犹如一座桥梁,不仅在时间上沟通古今,还从空间上沟通中外,是外语教学中的一种有益的尝试。很值得一读。

自 序

目前世界上有十亿多人用英语,也有十亿多人用汉语。因此,英汉互译是全世界最重要的翻译之一。翻译是艺术(art)、技巧(craft)和科学(science)三者的综合。此外还涉及到风格(style)问题。古文有古文的风格,如常有重复(repetition)。在古文英译中,“repetition”不显累赘时,不妨重复,以求“信”于古文风格。例如《三戒》一文中,“戒之在色”,“戒之在斗”,“戒之在得”,译成“avoid lust”,“avoid bandying”,“avoid greed”。不如此,就很难再现古文中的“repetition”。总的说来,古文用词精练,因此,英译文也须“精练”一些,以求“达”和“雅”于古文风格。

汉语讲究“排比”或“对仗”,因此,古文英译要注意到词语搭配的平衡问题。例如《三友》,《三乐》,《三戒》中,古文词语整齐匀称,抑扬顿挫,十分和谐,富韵律感。有位西洋人把“乐骄乐,乐扶游,乐宴乐”译成“To enjoy oneself in false pride,in sauntering and in feasting”,就失去排比、对仗的节奏感了。

另外,古文英译中句法问题也很重要。《三友》,《三乐》,《三戒》这三段古文,包括七个复句,其中三十个分句,分句与分句之间的连接,无一个连词,这是古汉语的特点之一。但英语则相反,多用连同或关联词。如《三友》英译文中,共有六个关联词who来承上启下;又如《三戒》英译文中,共用三个连词when来衔接上下文,这是符合英语句法特点的。

再有,古文今译,不但要熟悉文言修辞,注意题旨和语境,而且还要仔细琢磨并辨清楚含蓄深蕴的词义。例如“乐骄乐”,这里的“骄”,上述那个西洋人误解为“骄傲”(译成false pride);但实际上指的是“放纵”之意。

本书分为“立志篇”、“求知篇”、“人才将”、“德性篇”、“教化篇”、“哲理篇”、“智愚篇”、“悔改篇”、“讽喻篇”等。这只是大略分类,为了各有所属,便于读者阅读,并无一定道理,也不一定恰当。书中中、英文都做有简单注释,供读者参考。《古文今译与英译》力求在古今中外的文化窗口方面能起铺路搭桥、沟通交流的作用,并在接受、继承和对外传播祖国文化遗产以及对外汉语教学方面有所研益。按照这样的要求,本书只是起了一个头,作了一次抛砖引玉的粗浅的尝试,犹如浩瀚的译海中溅射出的几朵浪花而已。



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